Understanding the different public management theories and being able to apply said theory in a professional context is a primary objective of master’s level education. To that end, you are to write an original literature review on a public management theory, the theories main scholar(s), and how that theory explains some aspects of organizational behavior. You should use the theory to inform the organizational behavior of the organization where you currently or previously have worked or volunteered or any other organization you would like to research or how this theory has informed a public administration policy or program.
Papers will be evaluated based on the thoroughness of the discussion, professional appearance, correct grammar, spelling, and use of third-person throughout.
The final paper should be well reasoned, present evidence (means well researched), be well-organized (means structured), and substantive (means you have something significant to say from a scholarly viewpoint).
Papers will be graded based on: 1. How well you describe the theory 2. The degree to which you integrate materials and concepts from the course texts and lectures 3. The depth of the evaluation of the theory being studied and its application to explaining organizational behavior or the implementation of a program or policy 4. 10 double-spaced pages excluding cover page and references, 12 pt font, 1-inch margins, Times New Roman, APA style 5.
You should have a minimum of 8-10 professional academic sources
The final paper should contain a cover page, abstract, introduction, literature review, conclusion, and references.
See the preparation guide following the examples of applicable theories and scholars.
Theories and Scholars Classic Theories Rational-Legal Bureaucratic – Max Weber
Scientific Management – Frederick Taylor
Administrative Management Human Relations and Psychological Theories Hawthorne
Studies of Motivation The Needs Hierarchy – Maslow
Theories X and Y – McGregor
Social Psychology and Group Dynamics – Lewin
Informal Organizational Structures – Chester Barnard and Herbert Simon
Organizational Sociology and Bureaucratic Dysfunction Bureaucratic Structures and Member Personalities – Merton Bureaupathology – Victor Thompson
Leadership and Institutionalization – Selznick
Socialization – Kaufman
Recent Theoretical Developments
Organizational Behavior and Organizational Psychology Organizational Theory and Design Adaptive Systems and Contingency Theory –
Burns and Stalker (1961), Joan Woodward (1965), Lawrene and Lorsch (1967), Peter Blau (1971), Katz and Kahn (1966), James Thompson (1967) Resource Dependence Theory Transaction Economic Cost Theory Principal-Agent Theory
Possible Sources of Material for Sources You must use the class textbook as one of your sources (Understanding and managing public organizations – Hal G. Rainey).
Additionally, The Barry online library is an excellent source for academic journals and articles. Contact the professor or the library if you are not familiar with accessing the Barry online library. The following is a list of some appropriate peer-reviewed academic journals. Barry University Library may not have a subscription to all the following journals, if it doesn’t then move on to a different one.
Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory; Administration and Society; Academy of Management; Academy of Management Review; Administrative Science Quarterly; Governance: International Journal of Policy, Administration and Institutions; American Political Science Review; Public Administration Review; American Review of Public Administration; Public Administration: An International Quarterly; Journal of Policy Analysis and Management; Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly; International Journal of Public Administration; Policy Studies Journal; International Review of Administrative Sciences; Urban Affairs Review; Public Management Journal; Public Administration & Development; Administrative Theory & Praxis; and Public Policy and Administration.
Preparation Guidelines for the Literature Review
Each of the items in BOLD must be listed as a heading in your paper.
The final product must include the following:
- Cover Page (consult an APA style guide)
- Abstract (1-2 pages, gives a brief overview of the contents of your paper, the abstract is written last after you have completed your entire paper, the abstract is on its own page)
- Introduction (2-3 pages in length, here you are introducing your topic and the problem statement or research question you will answer in your literature review, do not use a heading) o Describe or summarize the public management theory and its author(s). o What is the problem statement or research question(s)? What question(s) will be researching this theory help you to answer? o, Introduce the organization/policy or problem to which you will be applying the theory.
- Literature Review (4-5 pages in length, everything in this section should relate back to your problem statement or research question, begins on a new page after the introduction) o What does the literature (academic journal articles, books on your topic) have to say about your topic? What does the literature say about how other researchers have evaluated the theory? What does the literature say about how other researchers have evaluated the application of your theory to organizational behavior? What were their conclusions? o Does the literature provide answers to your research question(s)?
- Conclusion (2-3 pages in length) o Analyze what you have learned and inform the reader.
- References (must be in APA style, not all citation generation programs will produce a correct APA reference page, you must double-check)