Persistent stress often leads to impaired performance and stress-related health problems, and it sometimes lingers even after the stressor ends. As described in the chapter, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is one of the most dramatic examples of the aftereffects of stress. Please answer the following questions:
Question 1 How would a researcher working from the biopsychosocial perspective explain PTSD? What are some of the specific biological, psychological, and social factors in the disorder?
Question 2 How would a researcher working within the diathesis-stress model explain PTSD? What are some of the specific predisposing and precipitating factors in the disorder?
Question 3 How would a researcher working in psychoneuroimmunology explain PTSD? What are some possible mind-body pathways to the disorder?