A thesis statement is the main idea of your paper. It’s a sentence that summarizes the entire essay, and it usually ends with a period. It provides a roadmap to the reader detailing what to expect from the rest of the paper, setting the tone for the writing, and generally providing a sense of the main idea. Given its importance, writing a good thesis statement can be tricky most of the time. A thesis statement can harbor the entire argument of the paper in just a few words; therefore, it’s important to take your time to craft a good thesis statement. In other words, if you’re writing an intro paragraph, this should include your thesis statement.

If you’re unsure what your thesis statement should be, there are ways to figure it out! For example:

How to choose a thesis topic

When writing a thesis, you must select a topic relevant to your readers and the assignment. The following questions can help you find the best topic for your paper:

Does the assignment require a specific type of thesis?

If your assignment requires a specific type of thesis, you must follow that. For example, if the assignment asks for a cause-and-effect thesis, you will have to write about the effects of something and how that caused those effects. If it asks for topic and argumentation essays, your entire essay will be an argument in favor of one side of an issue or another.

However, it’s up to you if there is no specific requirement concerning your thesis statement (like what we’ve talked about so far)! You can choose whatever topic interests you most and create a research paper using the topic as its central idea.

Does your thesis fit the assignment?

It’s important to make sure your thesis fits the assignment. It may be tempting to write a thesis that is larger than the topic you’re being asked to write about, but this is a bad idea for two reasons:

If you’re not sure how well your thesis matches what’s expected, take some time to read through the assignment sheet again before writing anything else.


State the main points of your thesis concisely, as it will guide your reader through the rest of your paper. In most cases, you should have three main points: an introduction, a body, and a conclusion. The introduction has two parts: a hook and an overview or preview of what will follow later in your essay or research paper. The body is where you prove those arguments with supporting evidence and examples. Lastly, there’s the conclusion which wraps up all arguments into one neat little bow that ties everything together nicely for readers, so they get more out of reading it than if they didn’t know how much effort went into ensuring this was done right.

Do not include any additional information (e.g., evidence) in your thesis statement – that is what the body paragraphs are for!

It is important to know that the thesis statement, unlike an essay’s conclusion, does not include any additional information (e.g., evidence) that supports the problem. In fact, it should be a one-sentence summary of your paper, for example:

“This paper aims to discuss the various ways in which X has affected Y.”

Types of thesis statements

The thesis statement is the foundation of your argument. It’s not easy to write a good one, but it’s not impossible either. The best way to start is by deciding what type of thesis statement you will use. There are four types:

The best way to create a strong thesis statement is by using one of these four methods and focusing on crafting a clear analysis that addresses all sides of the issue.

Argumentative Thesis Statement

An argumentative thesis statement must be debatable. This means that you should be able to say why you believe the topic is worth debating and why it’s important to debate it. If a topic cannot be discussed, it shouldn’t be the basis for an argumentative essay or thesis statement.

An argumentative thesis must also be clear, unambiguous, and relevant. Don’t use confusing terms or phrases that are open to interpretation; instead, use words whose meanings are clear and easily understood by your intended audience. Further, don’t choose a topic with no relevance to your audience; make sure that what you’re writing about has value for them and yourself!

Finally, an effective argumentative thesis will include evidence from research studies (books/articles) that support its claims. These sources provide credibility and background information so readers can see where they came from and how they came up with conclusions drawn during the study sessions while researching this particular subject matter.”

Analytical Thesis Statement

The analytical thesis statement is a sentence that states what you’re going to talk about in your essay. It’s the foundation of your essay and should be the most important sentence in your paper. It should also be the first sentence that you’ll use to introduce your argument or paper.

The analytical thesis statement will help readers understand what they can expect from reading your work—it provides them with an overall sense of direction while still giving them room for surprise.

For example: “In Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice, Elizabeth Bennet is characterized by her independent nature.” There are few surprises here; instead, readers can anticipate that this essay will explore how Austen’s heroines are portrayed as independent women who challenge gender norms during their respective periods. If a reader were interested in discussing how independence was represented differently between male and female characters (or both), this would make an excellent starting point!

Expository Thesis Statement

An expository thesis statement is a statement that gives the reader a clear idea of what you are going to write about. It provides a general overview of the topic and offers a clear direction for your paper.

Expository: Explaining something or someone; an explanation or description

Thesis Statement: The main idea (thesis) of an essay, report, or speech

Compare and Contrast Thesis Statement

This thesis statement compares two or more things, ideas, people, or events. Thesis statements are similar to argumentative essays because they make claims that can be backed up by evidence. A good compare-and-contrast thesis statement will identify similarities and differences between the subjects being compared.

A compare and contrast thesis statement contains one or more contexts being compared and a claim about how they are similar or different to answer the question: “How do these two things differ?” An excellent way to think of it would be this: if you were given two pairs of pants (one pair of blue jeans and another black dress pants), which pair would you wear? And why? This question helps guide your thinking so that when writing about your topic(s), you know what aspects matter most for your argument.

Cause and Effect Thesis Statement

Cause and effect thesis statements are a great way to connect your argument with the reader. Such an essay explains the reasons behind a phenomenon or event. The main idea of a cause-and-effect essay is that if you want to understand something, you need to look at its causes (or previous events) and how those causes led up to the present situation.

Thesis statement examples:


The following are examples of thesis statements:

Examples of weak and strong thesis statements


  1. The use of technology has increased over the years.
  2. The use of technology has been increasing over the years, and there is no sign that it will slow down any time soon.
  3. Women have made great strides toward equality with men in terms of employment; however, there are still many areas in which they are not equal with men or receive fewer opportunities than men do to pursue their careers or education after high school or college graduation, especially in STEM fields (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics).


  1. Women have made great strides toward equality with men in terms of employment since the passage of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which prohibited employers from discriminating against employees based on race and gender; however, there are still many areas in which they are not equal with men or receive fewer opportunities than men do to pursue their careers or education after high school or college graduation.


The thesis statement is the most important part of your paper. It’s the main idea or points you want to convey, and it should be crafted in one sentence that clearly expresses what you intend to say. Your thesis statement should also be specific so that when you write your introduction, each paragraph and every sentence supports this central theme.

You can write a strong thesis by considering three questions: What am I trying to prove? Why am I trying to prove it? What evidence will support my claim?

In sum, a good thesis statement should be concise and clear. It should contain your position on the topic and the main points you will cover to support that position.

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